Middle School - Grades 6-8
PJA’s Middle School Humanities program integrates the themes and content of Social Studies within a strong Language Arts curriculum. The block period allows for the meaningful exploration of topics and supports the goals of developing active learners and informed citizens who think critically, read analytically, engage effectively in classroom discussion, and write with clarity and understanding of purpose. Students read a wide variety of literature across genres and, through book club discussions and individual writing assignments, develop their identity as engaged and independent readers.
Sixth Grade topics include world geography, human origins, and the development of culture and civilization through the study of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Ancient China. Literature includes Autobiography and Memoirs, Poetry, Inherit the Wind, The Giver, and Ties That Bind, Ties That Break.
Seventh Grade curriculum focuses on the cultures, religions, traditions and political institutions of Ancient Greece and Rome and Medieval Europe. Literary studies include an examination of ancient mythology, modern drama, and a close reading of one or more of Shakespeare’s plays. The year culminates in a visit to the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland.
Eighth Grade curriculum explores United States history and civics through the dichotomy of “revolution” and “renaissance.” Students participate in a mock senate and constitutional debates, visit local courts and see the state government in action, and engage in a “banned book club.” Readings include primary source material, a short story study, and Fahrenheit 451, Animal Farm, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Crucible, A Raisin in the Sun, and Lord of the Flies
PJA’s Middle School Math program seeks to develop students who are problem solvers, able to effectively communicate their mathematical thinking both orally and through written work and apply their math knowledge and skills in other areas of learning (including science, humanities, the arts, and social sciences) as well as in their everyday lives. All Middle School math classes include basic skill and problem solving warm-ups, in class exploration and discussion, and special projects throughout the year. Technology is integrated throughout the math program, with the use of graphing calculators, the computer lab or class lap-top set, and a variety of other tools. The math curriculum is designed to support students with varied learning styles and to offer challenges to students who are ready to move beyond the scope of the Middle School curriculum.
Topics in Sixth Grade Math include number sense and algebraic thinking, measurement and statistics, geometry and measurement, and probability. Seventh Grade students are placed in either Seventh Grade Math (which builds on skills and concepts studied in Sixth Grade) or, for those who have mastered operations with rational numbers, basic geometry, measurement and probability, in Pre- Algebra. The Pre-Algebra course provides students with a strong foundation in algebra while laying the ground work for advanced study in geometry, probability, and data analysis. Students who complete Pre-Algebra in Seventh grade move on to Algebra in Eighth Grade; other students take Pre-Algebra in Eighth Grade. In Algebra, students study functions and learn to represent them in multiple ways. Students who successfully complete Algebra receive one year of High School Math credit.
In an Ivrit b'Ivrit (Hebrew immersion) environment, PJA students experience Hebrew as a living language. Students develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills and knowledge of and appreciation for Israeli culture and literature. In daily Hebrew classes, students engage in conversation, read from a variety of sources, write about their experiences, and attend closely to grammatical structures and patterns as they consider the best ways to communicate increasingly complex ideas and information. Students have opportunities to work individually with their teachers, cooperatively in small groups and as a full class. At the end of Eighth Grade, PJA students have the opportunity to take the Portland State University Hebrew proficiency test and receive high school credit for their work at PJA.
In Sixth Grade, students focus on mastering the present tense. They practice and demonstrate these skills by answering questions about their life experiences and interests both in written and oral form. Units of study include Family History, an Israel Restaurant Adventure, and Israel’s National Parks.
The Seventh Grade curriculum focuses on mastering the past tense. Students develop language skills by writing short stories and giving oral presentations. Students do short research projects and read from a variety of literary genres. In an interdisciplinary project that combines research, geography, written expression, the arts and technology, students create an Israeli tour company,
In Eighth Grade, students focus on mastering the future tense and develop greater fluency speaking, reading, and writing in Hebrew. Students write stories, participate in conversations, give oral presentations and translate English texts into Hebrew. Students view and discuss Israeli films and TV broadcasts. In preparation for their class trip to Israel trip, students research the places they will visit, study significant historical events, and further increase their knowledge of Israeli culture and of the lives of individuals who had a significant impact on Israel.
PJA’s Jewish Studies program integrates study of the rich textual tradition and long history of the Jewish people. In Middle School, that study focuses on the question raised by Hillel: If I am not for myself, who will be for me? And if I am only for myself, what am I? And if not now, when? Each grade examines one aspect of this question, as students explore their own identity and consider how they express the Middot (Jewish values) in their own lives. Class work emphasizes inquiry and skill development; students identify and cite Jewish texts, read critically, compare and and contrast commentaries, and draw connections between text and personal experience. Interdisciplinary learning is emphasized as students draw connections to their work in Humanities and use the skills they are developing in technology and the arts.
In Sixth Grade, students consider Hillel’s teaching, If I am not for myself, who will be for me?” and explore the theme of finding one’s own voice. The class examines and reflects on the concepts of personal responsibility, confidence, and identity through the lens of Biblical text. Sixth Grade students also begin to take on a leadership role in the school by planning and leading the school-wide Purim Carnival.
The Seventh Grade curriculum focuses on Hillel’s teaching, And if I am only for myself, what am I? as students continue to explore their identity while learning to balance the needs of others with their own and learning the value and skills of expressing respectful disagreement. Students study the history and texts of the Talmudic era and the Middle Ages and plan and lead the school-wide Yom Ha’tzmut event.
In Eighth Grade, students focus on the final part of Hillel’s teaching, And if not now, when? Beginning with an examination of the need for change within Biblical society, students learn how individual Jews throughout history have worked to transform their world. Students draw on this study as they each design a service learning project and prepare a drash as part of the interdisciplinary Capstone program. Other units of study explore the Jewish contribution to American culture, the dark period of the Holocaust, and the factors that led up to the establishment of the State of Israel. Eighth Grade students plan and lead a school program in commemoration of Yom Hashoah, and travel as a class to Israel for two weeks of exploration and learning.
PJA’s Middle School Science program focuses on student-centered learning, with an emphasis on hands-on lab and field work. Students are encouraged to become creative and critical thinkers as they engage in both guided and open-ended inquiry investigations.
The Sixth Grade science curriculum focuses on the key questions “What is science?” and "How do we do science?” and culminates in individual student-designed science projects. Topics of study include Astronomy, Density and Buoyancy, Microscopy, and Earth Science. Throughout the year, students take on engineering challenges – building water rockets, hot air balloons, and mousetrap vehicles -- and they participate in a week-long Field School at the Oregon Coast.
The Seventh and Eighth Grade science curriculum follows a two-year cycle. In alternating years, all Seventh and Eighth graders have one year of Physical Science (chemistry and physics) and one year of Life Science. Physical Science units of study include Matter, The Periodic Table, Solutions, Mechanics, Electricity, Magnetism, and the Physics of Toys and Tricks. Life Science units of study include Cells, Evolution, Genetics, Fungi, Plants and Animals, and Ecology.
PJA Students are introduced to Spanish language and the culture of Spanish speaking countries as part of the exploratory program in Sixth Grade. In Seventh and Eighth Grade, Spanish becomes a core subject. The Spanish program at PJA focuses on listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills. Students engage in authentic learning experiences by following recipes in Spanish, making their own Spanish language videos, and e-mailing one another in Spanish. They develop an appreciation of the cultures in which Spanish is spoken through the celebration of holidays and exploration of Latin music. PJA graduates earn one year of high school Spanish credit for their work in Middle School.
PJA’s Middle School Exploratory program gives students an opportunity to explore a variety of different subject areas through a wide-range of quarter-long classes, each of which meet 2 or 3 periods per week.
In Sixth Grade, students take “Foundation Classes” in Art, Music, Technology, Cooking, and Drama as well as “Special Topics in Jewish Studies” and an Introduction to Spanish. In Seventh and Eighth Grade, students choose from a list of exploratories that include Visual Arts, Mainstage Drama, Mathcounts, Choir, Multimedia, Nature Adventures, Cooking, and Yearbook.
The Middle School curriculum culminates in Capstone, a multifaceted, interdisciplinary project. Through their work on Capstone, PJA Eighth Grade students deepen their understanding of the PJA Middah of Tikkun Olam and further develop the fundamental research skills and academic writing they’ve worked on in Humanities classes while integrating key aspects of the Jewish Studies program. Each student designs and engages in a service learning project, selects a related topic to research and present in a formal, thesis-driven research essay, and writes a Drosh in which they explore the connections between their Service project and some key aspect of Jewish life and teachings. Throughout the Capstone process, students record their progress and reflect on their experiences through regular blog entries.